وزارة الاعلام

القيود الإسرائيلية المفروضة على قطاع الاتصالات وتكنولوجيا المعلومات

القيود الإسرائيلية المفروضة على قطاع الاتصالات وتكنولوجيا المعلومات

 القيود الإسرائيلية المفروضة على قطاع الاتصالات وتكنولوجيا المعلومات
Imposed Israeli Restrictions on the Palestinian ICT Sector

 

القيود الإسرائيلية المفروضة على قطاع الاتصالات وتكنولوجيا المعلومات

 القيود الإسرائيلية المفروضة على قطاع الاتصالات وتكنولوجيا المعلومات
Imposed Israeli Restrictions on the Palestinian ICT Sector

September 23, 2012

For the past ten years, the Palestinian National Authority and the Palestinian Liberation Organization have been working intensively to remove Israeli imposed restrictions on the Palestinian Information and Communication Technology ICT sector in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT).The legal basis for Palestinian efforts in this regard include; international law, with a focus on Palestine’s rights as an observer to the International Telecommunications Union; Article 36 of Annex III of the Interim Agreement  “the Oslo Accords” outlining coordination arrangements between Palestinians and Israelis in the telecommunications arena;and Annex IV of the Interim Agreement (Paris Protocol) which specifies the economic relationship between the Palestinian side and the Israeli side.


 

These Palestinian efforts commenced with constant and continuous engagement of the international community to gain diplomatic advocacy for the Palestine case and to inform international interventions in the Palestinian – Israeli telecommunication discussions.  The main parties to this coordination included the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Office of the Quartet Representative (OQR), the World Bank and the Consulate General of the United States in Jerusalem.


 

Israel, on the other hand, has used its occupation and power on the ground to serve its own political and commercial interests in all aspects, including the ICT sector.  Israel  continued to maintain its occupation of the Palestinian land and airspace by all means including restricting Palestinian access to the Palestinian electromagnetic sphere and limiting construction of infrastructure in the majority of the OPT, including in Areas A, which are supposedly under full Palestinian jurisdiction.  Throughout the past decades of the peace process, Israel manipulated and violated all bilateral arrangements, turning its back to international legitimacy with continuous attempts to block Palestine from setting international law as a term of reference in its telecom relations with Israel.  Israel continues to employ a myriad of policies to sustain its control over the Palestinian telecommunications sector.


 

The agenda of the Palestinian – Israeli ICT relations grows with limited achievements that barley allow for the survival of the Palestinian ICT sector. The agenda is primarily comprised of the following:


 

     1. Release of frequencies in the OPT that would allow:


 

*  The deployment of expanded mobile voice applications;


 

* The deployment of the new technologies, including Third Generation (3G) systems and services, Fourth Generation (4G) systems and services and Long Term Evolution (LTE); and


 

*  The integration and development of the telecommunications backbone and backhaul.


 

2. Construction of ICT infrastructure in the OPT.


 

3.  Importing of equipment for the development and the monitoring of telecommunication operations.


 

4. Coordination of possible frequency interference between the OPT and Israel.


 

5.  Dealing with the illegal operations of the Israeli mobile communications operators and internet providers in the OPT.


 

At this point in time, whereas Israel’s aggressive policies are hindering the ICT development of the OPT, thus the contribution of the ICT sector to the Palestinian GDP is considerably low taking into account its enormous potential to significantly contribute in solving the economic and the fiscal problems that Palestine is facing and where telecommunication services are internationally recognized as a humanitarian need to be satisfied, , the Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology has decided to publish and make available the majority of its documents relevant to the Israeli imposed restrictions on the ICT sector. Moreover, the Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology is studying suing the Israeli Government and the Israeli communications companies that are providing illegal services in OPT in international courts to stop their illegal operation and to compensate Palestinians for direct loses and for lost opportunities.


 

Overcoming Israeli imposed restrictions in the Palestinian –Israeli telecommunications agenda would immediately: 


 

1.  Boost the contribution of the ICT sector in the Palestinian GDP more than 2%;


 

2. Provide hundreds of employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled labor;


 

3. Decrease the digital gap between Palestine and the rest of the world, especially neighboring countries.  This would create the necessary environment for sustainable economic development;


 

4. Provide new value-added services that correspond to emerging consumer needs with higher quality and lower prices;


 

5. Increase the government revenues from taxes, license fees and spectrum rental ;


 

6. Cleaning the Palestinian telecom market from illegal Israeli mobile communication services in OPT, which control more than 20% of the Palestinian ICT market share and which drains Palestinian Authority’s revenues with more than 150 million US dollars annually;


 

7. Enable new electronic solutions for education, healthcare and businesses among other things through 3G and 4G application;


 

8. Increase the internet penetration rate as core infrastructure for sustainable social, economic and educational development;


 

9. Accelerate automation of government procedures by publishing electronic government applications that would decrease the cost and time;


 

10. Facilitate communications between the Palestinian people in Palestine and in the Diaspora.


 

We hereby invite everyone to look through our documents that have been shared with the Israeli side and the international community.  We hope that such transparency will help raise awareness of the Palestinian efforts deployed, and more importantly to positively contribute in our efforts to remove Israeli restrictions on developing the Palestinian ICT sector.

 

Table of documents (Edit / Delete)


 

Date of the document


 

Document Profile


 

Hyperlink


 

September 19, 2012


 

Letter and fact sheet on latest discussions with the Israeli side.The letter was addressed from the Palestinian Ministry of
Telecommunications and Information Technology (MTIT) to the International
Telecommunications Union, the Office of Quartet Representative in Jerusalem, the
World Bank and the Consulate general of the United States in Jerusalem


 

Update on Latest Palestinian - Israeli Discussions


 

July 9, 2012


 

Request letter to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) for
an ITU Fact Finding Mission and a memorandum on the implementation of the ITU
resolutions relevant to Palestine


 

Palestine at the ITU, The Implementation of the ITU Resolutions
Relevant to Palestine


 

March 25, 2012


 

Fact Sheet on Israeli Violations to Article 36 of Annex III of the
Interim Agreement “Oslo Accords”. The Fact sheet was distributed on a low
scale locally and internationally


 

Summary of the Israeli Violations to Telecommunications Arrangements
Under the Interim Agreement “Oslo Accords” – Annex III, Article 36


 

September 8, 2010


 

A letter addressed to the Director General of the Israeli Ministry of
Communications with an attached matrix of outstanding ICT needs for
Palestine. The letter and the matrix were communicated afterwards with many
parties including the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the
European Commission, the Consulate General of the United States in Jerusalem
and the Office of the Quartet Representative in Jerusalem.   
 


 

Matrix of Outstanding ICT Needs for Palestine


 

October 3, 2010


 

Letter to H.E. Mr. Tony Blair to update him on Palestinian Israeli
telecom discussions and to request his engagement to resolve outstanding
telecom issues with the Israeli side


 

Update on Palestine’s telecom Sector


 

October 3, 2010


 

Letter to Honorable George Mitchell, the Special Envoy for the Middle
East updating him on the status of the Palestinian telecom sector and
requesting his engagement in solving outstanding problems and requesting the
United States support for Palestine in its efforts in the International Telecommunications
Union’s Plenipotentiary Conference in Guadalajara.


 

Developing the Palestinian Telecom Sector


 

April 28, 2010


 

Fact sheet on the illegality of the Israeli ICT services in the
Occupied Palestinian Territory


 

Illegal provision of Israeli ICT Services in OPT


 

October 5 2009


 

Briefing note on the frequencies negotiations between Palestinians
and Israelis addressed to the Secretary General of the International
Telecommunications Union (ITU). The note requests the ITU to; make efforts in
asking Israel to honor its commitments towards Palestine under bilateral
arrangements and help solving some of the Palestinian outstanding telecom
issues


 

Briefing Note on the Frequencies Negotiations between Israel and the
Palestinian Authority


 

July 2009


 

Questions and Answers Q&A that the Office of the Quartet
Representative in Jerusalem developed and distributed to all diplomatic
missions and international organizations in OPT and Israel. The Q&A
discusses the different angles of the Palestinian request for additional
frequencies and answered some questions relevant to the Frequency Allocation
Agreement of July 2008.


 

Q & A About Additional Frequencies for the Palestinian Telecommunications
Sector


 

April 29, 2009


 

Letter to the Senior Deputy Director General for Spectrum management
and Frequency Licensing at the Israeli Ministry of Communications. The letter
focuses on the outstanding Palestinian requests for; Third Generation 3G
spectrum at the time that the Israeli Ministry of Communications is releasing
frequencies for Israeli operators, microwave links and the convening of the
Joint Palestinian Israeli Technical Committee to resolve all outstanding
Palestinian telecom issues.


 

Unused 3G Radio Spectrum and Microwave Network 
 


 

May 13, 2008


 

Statement for H.E. Mr. Tony Blair, the Quartet Representative for the
peace process. The statement was made during the Bethlehem Investment
Conference to announce the release of frequencies to Palestinian side for the
use of Wataniya


 

Blair Statement, Wataniya Telephony License
 


 

November 13, 2007


 

Statement of the Chairman of the International Telecommunications
Union’s World Radio Conference for the year 2007 announcing the Palestinian
Israeli agreement to resume their telecom negotiations  


 

Statement of the Chairman of the ITU’s WRC 07


 

November 13, 2007


 

Israeli Ministry of Communications letter to MTIT inviting them to meetings
for the Joint Palestinian – Israeli Technical Committee based on the agreed
arrangements between the two sides under the auspices of the Chairman of the
International Telecommunications Union’s World Radio Conference for the year
2007 


 

Invitation to meetings of the Joint Technical Committee


 

November 28, 2007


 

Telecom Agenda of the Joint Palestinian Israeli Technical Committee JTC
that was agreed under the auspices of the President of the International
Telecommunication Union’s World Radio Conference for the year 2007.


 

Agenda of the Joint Technical Committee JTC


 

1998


 

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Resolution No. 99 on
the Status of Palestine at the ITU. This resolution gave Palestine the
Observer status at the ITU and gave Palestine the right to directly notify
and register its frequencies at the ITU as any other administrator


 

ITU Resolution 99


 

2002


 

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Resolution No. 125 on
assistance and support to Palestine for rebuilding its telecommunication
networks.


 

ITU Resolution 125


 

1995


 

Telecommunications Arrangements between the Palestinian Liberation
Organization and the Government of Israel under the Oslo Accords


 

Article 36 of Annex III of the Interim Agreement “Oslo Accords”


 

1994


 

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Resolution No. 32 on
technical assistance to the Palestinian Authority for the development on telecommunications


 

ITU Resolution 32

 

 
 

Imposed Israeli Restrictions on the Palestinian ICT Sector

September 23, 2012

For the past ten years, the Palestinian National Authority and the Palestinian Liberation Organization have been working intensively to remove Israeli imposed restrictions on the Palestinian Information and Communication Technology ICT sector in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT).The legal basis for Palestinian efforts in this regard include; international law, with a focus on Palestine’s rights as an observer to the International Telecommunications Union; Article 36 of Annex III of the Interim Agreement  “the Oslo Accords” outlining coordination arrangements between Palestinians and Israelis in the telecommunications arena;and Annex IV of the Interim Agreement (Paris Protocol) which specifies the economic relationship between the Palestinian side and the Israeli side.


 

These Palestinian efforts commenced with constant and continuous engagement of the international community to gain diplomatic advocacy for the Palestine case and to inform international interventions in the Palestinian – Israeli telecommunication discussions.  The main parties to this coordination included the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Office of the Quartet Representative (OQR), the World Bank and the Consulate General of the United States in Jerusalem.


 

Israel, on the other hand, has used its occupation and power on the ground to serve its own political and commercial interests in all aspects, including the ICT sector.  Israel  continued to maintain its occupation of the Palestinian land and airspace by all means including restricting Palestinian access to the Palestinian electromagnetic sphere and limiting construction of infrastructure in the majority of the OPT, including in Areas A, which are supposedly under full Palestinian jurisdiction.  Throughout the past decades of the peace process, Israel manipulated and violated all bilateral arrangements, turning its back to international legitimacy with continuous attempts to block Palestine from setting international law as a term of reference in its telecom relations with Israel.  Israel continues to employ a myriad of policies to sustain its control over the Palestinian telecommunications sector.


 

The agenda of the Palestinian – Israeli ICT relations grows with limited achievements that barley allow for the survival of the Palestinian ICT sector. The agenda is primarily comprised of the following:


 

     1. Release of frequencies in the OPT that would allow:


 

*  The deployment of expanded mobile voice applications;


 

* The deployment of the new technologies, including Third Generation (3G) systems and services, Fourth Generation (4G) systems and services and Long Term Evolution (LTE); and


 

*  The integration and development of the telecommunications backbone and backhaul.


 

2. Construction of ICT infrastructure in the OPT.


 

3.  Importing of equipment for the development and the monitoring of telecommunication operations.


 

4. Coordination of possible frequency interference between the OPT and Israel.


 

5.  Dealing with the illegal operations of the Israeli mobile communications operators and internet providers in the OPT.


 

At this point in time, whereas Israel’s aggressive policies are hindering the ICT development of the OPT, thus the contribution of the ICT sector to the Palestinian GDP is considerably low taking into account its enormous potential to significantly contribute in solving the economic and the fiscal problems that Palestine is facing and where telecommunication services are internationally recognized as a humanitarian need to be satisfied, , the Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology has decided to publish and make available the majority of its documents relevant to the Israeli imposed restrictions on the ICT sector. Moreover, the Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology is studying suing the Israeli Government and the Israeli communications companies that are providing illegal services in OPT in international courts to stop their illegal operation and to compensate Palestinians for direct loses and for lost opportunities.


 

Overcoming Israeli imposed restrictions in the Palestinian –Israeli telecommunications agenda would immediately: 


 

1.  Boost the contribution of the ICT sector in the Palestinian GDP more than 2%;


 

2. Provide hundreds of employment opportunities for skilled and unskilled labor;


 

3. Decrease the digital gap between Palestine and the rest of the world, especially neighboring countries.  This would create the necessary environment for sustainable economic development;


 

4. Provide new value-added services that correspond to emerging consumer needs with higher quality and lower prices;


 

5. Increase the government revenues from taxes, license fees and spectrum rental ;


 

6. Cleaning the Palestinian telecom market from illegal Israeli mobile communication services in OPT, which control more than 20% of the Palestinian ICT market share and which drains Palestinian Authority’s revenues with more than 150 million US dollars annually;


 

7. Enable new electronic solutions for education, healthcare and businesses among other things through 3G and 4G application;


 

8. Increase the internet penetration rate as core infrastructure for sustainable social, economic and educational development;


 

9. Accelerate automation of government procedures by publishing electronic government applications that would decrease the cost and time;


 

10. Facilitate communications between the Palestinian people in Palestine and in the Diaspora.


 

We hereby invite everyone to look through our documents that have been shared with the Israeli side and the international community.  We hope that such transparency will help raise awareness of the Palestinian efforts deployed, and more importantly to positively contribute in our efforts to remove Israeli restrictions on developing the Palestinian ICT sector.

 

Table of documents


 

Date of the document


 

Document Profile


 

Hyperlink


 

September 19, 2012


 

Letter and fact sheet on latest discussions with the Israeli side.The letter was addressed from the Palestinian Ministry of
Telecommunications and Information Technology (MTIT) to the International
Telecommunications Union, the Office of Quartet Representative in Jerusalem, the
World Bank and the Consulate general of the United States in Jerusalem


 

Update on Latest Palestinian - Israeli Discussions


 

July 9, 2012


 

Request letter to the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) for
an ITU Fact Finding Mission and a memorandum on the implementation of the ITU
resolutions relevant to Palestine


 

Palestine at the ITU, The Implementation of the ITU Resolutions
Relevant to Palestine


 

March 25, 2012


 

Fact Sheet on Israeli Violations to Article 36 of Annex III of the
Interim Agreement “Oslo Accords”. The Fact sheet was distributed on a low
scale locally and internationally


 

Summary of the Israeli Violations to Telecommunications Arrangements
Under the Interim Agreement “Oslo Accords” – Annex III, Article 36


 

September 8, 2010


 

A letter addressed to the Director General of the Israeli Ministry of
Communications with an attached matrix of outstanding ICT needs for
Palestine. The letter and the matrix were communicated afterwards with many
parties including the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the
European Commission, the Consulate General of the United States in Jerusalem
and the Office of the Quartet Representative in Jerusalem.   
 


 

Matrix of Outstanding ICT Needs for Palestine


 

October 3, 2010


 

Letter to H.E. Mr. Tony Blair to update him on Palestinian Israeli
telecom discussions and to request his engagement to resolve outstanding
telecom issues with the Israeli side


 

Update on Palestine’s telecom Sector


 

October 3, 2010


 

Letter to Honorable George Mitchell, the Special Envoy for the Middle
East updating him on the status of the Palestinian telecom sector and
requesting his engagement in solving outstanding problems and requesting the
United States support for Palestine in its efforts in the International Telecommunications
Union’s Plenipotentiary Conference in Guadalajara.


 

Developing the Palestinian Telecom Sector


 

April 28, 2010


 

Fact sheet on the illegality of the Israeli ICT services in the
Occupied Palestinian Territory


 

Illegal provision of Israeli ICT Services in OPT


 

October 5 2009


 

Briefing note on the frequencies negotiations between Palestinians
and Israelis addressed to the Secretary General of the International
Telecommunications Union (ITU). The note requests the ITU to; make efforts in
asking Israel to honor its commitments towards Palestine under bilateral
arrangements and help solving some of the Palestinian outstanding telecom
issues


 

Briefing Note on the Frequencies Negotiations between Israel and the
Palestinian Authority


 

July 2009


 

Questions and Answers Q&A that the Office of the Quartet
Representative in Jerusalem developed and distributed to all diplomatic
missions and international organizations in OPT and Israel. The Q&A
discusses the different angles of the Palestinian request for additional
frequencies and answered some questions relevant to the Frequency Allocation
Agreement of July 2008.


 

Q & A About Additional Frequencies for the Palestinian Telecommunications
Sector


 

April 29, 2009


 

Letter to the Senior Deputy Director General for Spectrum management
and Frequency Licensing at the Israeli Ministry of Communications. The letter
focuses on the outstanding Palestinian requests for; Third Generation 3G
spectrum at the time that the Israeli Ministry of Communications is releasing
frequencies for Israeli operators, microwave links and the convening of the
Joint Palestinian Israeli Technical Committee to resolve all outstanding
Palestinian telecom issues.


 

Unused 3G Radio Spectrum and Microwave Network 
 


 

May 13, 2008


 

Statement for H.E. Mr. Tony Blair, the Quartet Representative for the
peace process. The statement was made during the Bethlehem Investment
Conference to announce the release of frequencies to Palestinian side for the
use of Wataniya


 

Blair Statement, Wataniya Telephony License
 


 

November 13, 2007


 

Statement of the Chairman of the International Telecommunications
Union’s World Radio Conference for the year 2007 announcing the Palestinian
Israeli agreement to resume their telecom negotiations  


 

Statement of the Chairman of the ITU’s WRC 07


 

November 13, 2007


 

Israeli Ministry of Communications letter to MTIT inviting them to meetings
for the Joint Palestinian – Israeli Technical Committee based on the agreed
arrangements between the two sides under the auspices of the Chairman of the
International Telecommunications Union’s World Radio Conference for the year
2007 


 

Invitation to meetings of the Joint Technical Committee


 

November 28, 2007


 

Telecom Agenda of the Joint Palestinian Israeli Technical Committee JTC
that was agreed under the auspices of the President of the International
Telecommunication Union’s World Radio Conference for the year 2007.


 

Agenda of the Joint Technical Committee JTC


 

1998


 

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Resolution No. 99 on
the Status of Palestine at the ITU. This resolution gave Palestine the
Observer status at the ITU and gave Palestine the right to directly notify
and register its frequencies at the ITU as any other administrator


 

ITU Resolution 99


 

2002


 

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Resolution No. 125 on
assistance and support to Palestine for rebuilding its telecommunication
networks.


 

ITU Resolution 125


 

1995


 

Telecommunications Arrangements between the Palestinian Liberation
Organization and the Government of Israel under the Oslo Accords


 

Article 36 of Annex III of the Interim Agreement “Oslo Accords”


 

1994


 

International Telecommunication Union’s (ITU) Resolution No. 32 on
technical assistance to the Palestinian Authority for the development on telecommunications


 

ITU Resolution 32